The current American Diabetes Association Guidelines for pre-diabetes are controversial. At the moment, the definition only affects Americans. However, it is merely a warning that a person might develop diabetes if he does not make lifestyle changes. If he brings his sugar readings back down out of the danger zone, he can avoid developing diabetes entirely. Taking in less sugar is a good way for a person to get his blood sugar down. Weight loss is also an important part of preventing this condition as well. Losing 10% to 15% of a person’s weight can significantly reduce his chance of developing Type II diabetes.
Type II diabetes develops when a person becomes resistant to insulin. Insulin is the hormone that removes glucose from the body’s cells so that the sugar can be processed for cellular energy. As people age, the body becomes less efficient, and the body must produce more insulin to keep up. This eventually leads to the burnout of the beta cells. When the beta cells burn out, a Type II diabetic goes from being insulin resistant to insulin dependent. Age and weight are not the only factors that can contribute to developing this condition. Genetic factors and certain medications can increase a person’s risk as well.
When someone is told that they have prediabetes, their doctor will send them to a nutritionist. The nutritionist will discuss diet and weight loss options with the individual. His doctor will also make sure the prediabetics A1C gets tested. If it goes down below the danger level, he is no longer considered to have prediabetes. His doctor will continue to monitor this statistic, however. It is possible that the insulin resistance that caused the A1C to go up in the first place will return. Until a person becomes diabetic, he will probably have no symptoms.